INTODUCTIONS OF CALLIGRAPHY:
Calligraphy is the art of fine penmanship in any
of the world’s scripts. The Urdu Word of calligraphy is khattati.
Pakistan’s most widely known calligrapher is the artist, Ibn-e-
Kaleem, whose work you must have seen at exhibitions in various
The art of calligraphy was considered so important by Muslims in
all ages, that the name of the calligrapher is inscribed on a brass
tablet on the Taj Mahal at Agra while no mention is made of the
architect of this beautiful building! Babar and Bahadur Shah Zafar
were themselves calligraphers. All the great Moghuls were patrons
of this artistic style of writing.
There are six known styles of calligraphy; Nastaleeq,
Naskh, Suls, Kufi,
Riqa and Diwani.They are different
ways of forming the letters of the Urdu, Persian and Arabic alphabet.
Each one is attractive in its own way.It is very distinctive calligraphy
which he has perfected with great labour as an original contribution
to this ancient art. Ibn-e-Kaleem does not confine himself to writing
in straight lines. He had created some very intricate compositions
in the form of circles, oval and oblong panels. He has executed
with art and dexterity ninety-nine medallions for the ninety-nine
names of almighty Allah. Writing one on each in Khat-e-Ra’ana.
Not content with the exquisite lettering, he has given them beautiful
borders. Each medallion may be mistaken for a salver.